Speleotherapy – a treatment which is based on the use of the natural properties of the salt mines, caves, mines, karst caves (spelaion –
Greek. Cave). It is one of the most effective non-drug treatment and rehabilitation of patients with respiratory diseases.
The history of speleotherapy roots back centuries, during the time of ancient Greece and ancient Italy (VI -V centuries. BC. E.) And has
about 2500 years. However, the first scientific information about medical action caves appear in the nineteenth century and relatively
widespread speleoterapija received after World War II, first in Germany and Austria, then Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic,
Slovakia, Bulgaria.
During the Second World War Klyutert karst cave, located in Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia, it was used as a bomb shelter. It was
observed that patients with asthma who were in the bomb shelter, stop asthma attacks, coughing, facilitates breathing. Since 1945, the
cave Klyutert used for medicinal purposes for diseases of the respiratory system. In 1949, a German physician, Dr. K.H.Spannagel
(KHSpannagel) proposed the creation of a cave Klyutert inpatient unit for the purpose of carrying out systematic climatological and
medical observations to confirm the effectiveness of speleotherapy. The results of these studies laid the foundation of modern
Since 1955, for the treatment of patients with diseases of the respiratory system is used Solerudnik Solbad- Soltselman in Austria,
Gombasecká cave in Slovakia.
In Poland since 1958 operates speleological clinics in the salt mines “Wieliczka”, more commonly known tourist routes, underground
restaurants, a museum, but there is also an underground hospital at a depth of 135 m. The underground hospital is arranged in the oldest
on Polish territory Bochnia salt mine 40 km east of Krakow.
In Bulgaria, speleotherapy also applies to the 50-ies of XX century. The favorable impact of therapeutic factors Magura cave promotes a
more “gentle” flow BA. In Ukraine, speleotherapy development began in 1968, the opening of the first in the Soviet Union an underground
hospital Regional Allergic Hospital in Solotvyno. Since 1969 speleotherapy as a method of therapeutic effects is officially recognized in
Hungary. Since 1977, it operates the first not only in Russia but also in the world of sylvinite speleological clinics in potash mine on
Verkhnekamskoe potash (Berezniki, Perm region).
Since May 2007, in the city of Soledar Donetsk region began taking patients speleosanatory “Salt Symphony”.
Formation and development of speleotherapy in Belarus associated with the development and the development of the Starobin potassium
salt deposit, which began in 1958 with the construction of 1 st potash plant and Soligorsk. Introduction of speleotherapy held in several
At the beginning of 70th years of XX century Byelorussian Minister of Health of NE Savchenko, based on the experience of effective
use of speleotherapy method based Solotvynska speleokopey Ukraine has initiated the implementation in Belarus of speleotherapy
method based on the existing potash mine.
Staff of the Belarusian research sanitary and hygienic Institute (now the State Institution “Republican Scientific-Practical Center of Hygiene
and Epidemiology”) studied the conditions of formation of environment in mines potash mines and the specific impact of the underground
environment on the human body, which allowed to substantiate and implement the creation of Belarus new direction in medicine –
treatment by speleotherapy. In 1980, the chief allergist of the Ministry of Health of the BSSR, MD, professor Skepyan NA He appealed to
the Byelorussian Ministry of Health with a letter in which he proposed to use a potash mine in the treatment of patients with
broncho-pulmonary pathology in underground conditions.
Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the BSSR dated February 5, 1986 № 41 decided to build in Soligorsk speleobolnitsy 120 beds and
underground speleological on the basis of the first potash mine “Belaruskali”.
In 1990 he was commissioned the first underground compartment speleolecheniya. February 5, 1990, the first 33 patients (of the
Minsk region – 20, Minsk, 10, Mogilev region -2, -1 from Russia) were taken for treatment.
Ground building speleolecheniya Republican Hospital (120 beds) was commissioned in 1997.
On July 2, 2012 was put into operation rooms №2 and the second branch of the underground speleolecheniya.
Since January 2013goda Republican Hospital speleolecheniya a structurally separate unit – branch “Children’s Department” Green
Forest “for 200 beds, where the treatment and rehabilitation of children aged from 6 to 17 years. Children older than 10 years in
organized groups receive a course of speleotherapy in a subterranean speleological Hospital.
Power speleolecheniya Republican hospital – 450 beds.